Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada

Research We Fund

Filter Current filters include: Mechanisms Of Disease

Impact of IL-27 on MS pathobiology

Summary: IL-27 is a molecule that can diminish the severity of multiple sclerosis (MS) in a mouse model of the disease. Whether IL-27 is beneficial in individuals with MS is unresolved. The research team will: Compare the impact of IL-27 on immune cells from people with MS compared to those from healthy... Read More

Immigration and the risk of multiple sclerosis

Summary: Canada is known to have one of the highest multiple sclerosis (MS) rates in the world and while the risk of developing MS is lower in immigrants, it is still higher than in their native countries. It remains unknown why the Canadian environment may pose higher risk to develop MS. The research... Read More

It’s a fungal world: the mycobiome in pediatric MS

Co-Principal Investigators: Dr. Gary Van Domelaar, Dr. Charles Bernstein, Dr. Morag Graham Summary: The gut microbiome is home to trillions of microorganisms including bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. The primary focus for researchers when studying the gut microbiome in multiple sclerosis (MS)... Read More

Progressive degeneration from onset in pediatric multiple sclerosis: Evaluation of clinical and health-related quality of life, early loss of brain integrity and accelerated immunological senescence

Investigators: Dr. Brenda Banwell , Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Dr. Ruth Ann Marrie , Health Science Centre Winnipeg Dr. Amit Bar-Or , McGill University Dr. Douglas Arnold , McGill University Dr. Ann Yeh , Hospital for Sick Children Project Summary: Most people think of multiple sclerosis (MS)... Read More

Sex and Central Nervous System Autoimmunity

Affiliation: Toronto General Research Institute  Summary: One of the top risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS) development is being female. Women outnumber men with this disease by 3-fold, and the reason is still unknown. There is a need to better understand the fundamental biological differences... Read More

The Role of EBV, B cells and NKT cells in MS

Summary: Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is the most common cause of infectious mononucleosis, an illness highly prevalent among adolescents. Adolescents and young adults with clinically diagnosed infectious mononucleosis have a high risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). The factors linking mononucleosis... Read More

Defining a dual role for VGF in the regulation of MS pathology

Summary: VGF is a molecule that is induced during exercise and is shown to increase myelination. VGF also promotes the maturation of myelin-producing cells called oligodendrocytes. VGF interacts with macrophages/microglia- immune cells that can be both detrimental and beneficial in multiple sclerosis... Read More

Immune cell influences on neuronal viability and repair

Summary: microRNAs are molecules which have been implicated in regulating neurons in response to inflammatory stimuli. They have the ability to silence the expression of many genes at once. Whether microRNAs can silence many genes that prevent nerve cell repair simultaneously is unknown. The research... Read More

Immune cell-microbiome interactions and neuroinflammation

Summary: One type of immune cell, call the B cell, can have either anti- or pro-inflammatory properties. The function of the B cell is also thought to be influenced by microbes in the gut microbiome. B cells function is believed to be compromised in multiple sclerosis (MS) and how the gut microbiome... Read More

Impact of IL-27 on MS pathobiology

Summary: IL-27 is a molecule that can diminish the severity of multiple sclerosis (MS) in a mouse model of the disease. Whether IL-27 is beneficial in individuals with MS is unresolved. The research team will: Compare the impact of IL-27 on immune cells from people with MS compared to those from healthy... Read More

The Role of Antibody-Secreting Cells in MS/EAE

Summary: B cells have a dual role in multiple sclerosis (MS). A subset of B cells slow the disease course in MS while another subset have detrimental effects on MS. The gut microbiome is the richest source of B cells. The role of a subset of B cells, called plasma cells, found in the gut microbiome... Read More

Comorbidity, cognition and multiple sclerosis (C-COMS)

Summary: Co-existing health conditions that can affect thinking and memory, such as high blood pressure or mood problems, are common in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is unknown whether common co-existing conditions including depression, anxiety, diabetes and high blood pressure increase... Read More

Determining the Impact of a Pilates Program in Multiple Sclerosis

Project Description: Pilates - a type of exercise that focuses on body positions and movement – is becoming popular among people living with MS as an alternative to the more traditional exercise programs. Although somewhat limited, previous research has suggested Pilates may have some beneficial effects... Read More

Web-based physiotherapy in moderate to severe MS

Project Description: Persons with MS may find it challenging to participate in regular physical activity or exercise, which is activity done to improve health and/or fitness. This is due to a number of reasons: exercise programs tailored to individuals with significant mobility impairments may be difficult... Read More

Assessing remyelination in the presence of myelin debris using MRI

Summary: Tissue repair occurs in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and can be promoted with appropriate treatments. In particular, repairing myelin, which is the protective covering of nerve fibers damaged in MS, is shown to be potentially possible. Non-invasive measurement of tissue repair, or remyelination, Read More

MRI of Deep Grey Matter in multiple sclerosis

Summary: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is heavily used in multiple sclerosis (MS). It is highly effective for diagnosis of the disease. MRI is far less effective at tracking the disease progression and its response to therapy, largely due to reliance on only lesion measures. Other quantitative measures... Read More

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