Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada

Wellness & Lifestyle

Living a healthy lifestyle is one of the most important ways people living with MS can start taking charge of their disease. There are important strategies that may help improve quality of life, including exercise and a healthy diet, in addition to physiotherapy, rehabilitation, massage, getting enough sleep, stress reduction techniques, planning an appropriate work—life schedule, and other wellness approaches. These non-medicinal strategies play a key role in managing all types of MS. Overall, balance in the many aspects of one’s life is key to managing MS.

Ongoing studies are investigating the ways lifestyle habits may contribute to MS onset, and perhaps exacerbate disease; therefore, maintaining a healthy body weight, not smoking, and checking vitamin D levels may be proactive steps in slowing or preventing MS relapses and progression. For a list of related studies, visit the Research section.

In addition to healthy lifestyle choices, there are a variety of medications that can help control some of the inflammation that causes damage to nerve tissue and reduce the frequency and severity of attacks. Slowing the accumulation of nerve damage may also prevent some of the disability seen during a person’s lifetime with MS. Early treatment is critical for those who are newly diagnosed with relapsing forms of MS.


Many special diets have been proposed as treatments, but none have been proven to prevent MS or affect the way it may develop. Special diets are best approached with caution as some may be expensive or even harmful. MS specialists recommend that people follow the same high fiber, low fat diet that is recommended for all adults. In addition, people with MS sometimes wonder whether they should take dietary supplements. Click here to read the latest research on diet and exercise.


Current research has provided evidence to support that exercise is beneficial and safe for people living with MS and it is now considered to be an important aspect of the overall management of the disease. Exercise offers many benefits for people with MS. In addition to improving your overall health, aerobic and strength exercise reduce fatigue and improve bladder and bowel function, strength, balance, mobility and mood. Stretching exercises reduce stiffness and increase mobility. In 2012, the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults with MS were developed to provide a basis for exercise prescription, target goals for promoting physical activity and to serve as a benchmark for monitoring activity levels among individuals with MS. Click here to read the latest research on diet and exercise.

See: Everybody Stretch

See: Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults with MS

Stress Management

The relationship between stress and the onset or worsening of MS is unclear—and different types of stress appear to affect people with MS in different ways. It’s important to find the stress management strategies that work best for you. Stress management may include relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, visualization, progressive muscle relaxation a tai chi.

See: Taming Stress

Vitamin D

Aside from its role in promoting calcium absorption and overall good bone health, vitamin D has also been shown to have a direct effect on the immune system. As a result, researchers are determining the relationship between inadequate vitamin D and risk of MS, as well as the effect of vitamin D intake in treating MS . Vitamin D can be obtained from fish products, supplements and exposure to sunlight. It is a good idea to consult your doctor or a nutrition specialist before making dramatic changes to your diet or vitamin intake.

See: Healthy Eating: A guide for persons with multiple sclerosis